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Back Story: Too Much, Too Soon?
by Cynthia VanRooy
Ever have the experience of meeting someone at a party and within minutes youíve heard about their three miscarriages, the ex-husband they left because of his drinking, the brother whoís in prison, but itís not his fault, his friends got him into trouble, and the uncle whoís suspected of using drugs? Whatís your reaction? Do you want to know this person better, pursue this new relationship further? Hardly! You canít wait to get away from this stranger you already know too much about.
This is the most common mistake new romance writers make--subjecting their reader to the same kind of too-much-too-soon information dump. Itís understandable. We want the reader to love our heroes and heroines as much as we do, to understand why they do what they do. Our mistake is in wanting the reader to understand before weíve given them a reason to care.
If the stranger were your best friend instead, that would change your reaction considerably to the details they relayed. This holds true for your fictional characters, too. The reader needs to become emotionally involved with them, become caught up in the present moment of the charactersí lives before they can be interested in anything that happened before the story started.
Thatís what backstory is--the events that happened prior to page one that led up to the story. The most dangerous thing about backstory is that itís boring. Nothing is happening to engage the reader. The characters arenít acting. Youíre just relaying information about them in the most uninteresting way possible--telling.
Rather than start your novel with backstory, start with the culminating action that is the result of that backstory. Give the reader only as much information as they need to follow that action without becoming confused. Trust the reader. Theyíre bright, theyíll get it. Honest. Need an example? Story opens...
A woman is driving at night. The only things keeping her weary, hurting body awake are tension and adrenaline. She has to put as much distance between herself and Richard as she can, but she knows she needs to stop and rest soon before she becomes a menace to anyone else on the road. She takes the next exit off the freeway and finds herself in a small, seedy-looking town, the stores all closed and the streets mostly deserted. She spots a motel up ahead. She pulls her car into the parking spot in front of the orange neon lights proclaiming "office."
With an effort she releases the steering wheel, only to discover her hands are shaking. She takes a couple of deep breaths trying to get herself under control, then grabs her purse and opens the car door.
In the office the clerk hands her a pen and shoves the register toward her. She hesitates and has a moment of panic as she tries to decide whether to use her own name. No, better not. She signs her first grade teacherís name, the only one she can think of. The clerk stares at her left eye and she can feel itís swollen. She wonders if it has begun to turn black. The clerk hands her the room key and she hurries to escape his scrutiny.
Once in her room she bolts the door and puts on the chain before turning on the light and dropping her bag. Sheís so tired she wants to collapse, but knows sheíll sleep better after a warm shower to ease the aches. As she peels off her clothes she notes in the mirror the bruises blooming on her ribs and hip. And yes, her eye has turned black.
After a shower that does little to relieve the pain, she is making her way from the bathroom when the phone rings. She freezes, clutching the towel tightly around her, her hands fisted in the terrycloth. Oh, God, heís found her already. The phone continues to peal insistently and she reaches out a trembling hand and lifts the receiver.
Nothing confusing here, you understand whatís happening, The passage raised some questions, but thatís a good thing. Thatís how you draw the reader in. Who is Richard? Why is she running away from him? What will happen if he finds her? Is he the one who hurt her?
To get hooked into this character and this story you didnít need to know the woman ran away at sixteen to escape her abusive home life, that she lived on the streets for two years, that she got her act together and worked her way through college, that Richard is a musician she met in a coffee house where she worked, that she fell in love with him because of his protectiveness, that the protectiveness revealed itself shortly as control, and that it turned into the same kind of abusive behavior she used to get from her father that she had promised herself never to take again. Whew.
Ideally, that backstory would be fed to the reader a little at a time, as they needed it. One of the best ways to impart backstory is in dialog, where realistically the hero/heroine might reveal it to the other. Dialog, with its action and white space on the page, is reader-friendly and interesting, as opposed to long passages of introspection where the character is doing nothing but thinking.
Arenít convinced yet you should avoid starting your book with backstory? An editor once told me if she wasnít engaged in the story by page five, she wouldnít read any further before rejecting a manuscript. Think thatís harsh? Sheís being charitable. Most editors make that decision by page three. Some new writers try the trick of reversing a page in their manuscript when they send it in. Then when they get it back rejected and the page is still reversed, they regard this as proof the editor never actually read their story. Well...yes, they did. They read as much as they needed to in order to know they werenít interested in reading any more.
You have three pages to interest the editor/reader in your novel. Donít waste them on backstory. Throw the reader right into the action. A hundred years ago writers had the luxury of beginning a story with "Once upon a time..." Todayís readers are too impatient. Toss them right into the garden with a sobbing Cinderella and her fairy godmother and explain later. Your readers will thank you for it.
Copyright Cynthia VanRooy - All Rights Reserved
Cynthia VanRooy is an award-winning author of ten romance novels. Her latest, Fridayís Temptation and the hardcover, large-print edition of Blue Skies are slated for a November 2005 release--and the tips ebooklet The Secrets To Query Letters That Work; Getting Your Manuscript Out of the Slush Pile and onto the Editor's Desk.